Archive for August, 2010




Objectives :

1)      To know what the meaning of the plagiarism.

2)      To recognize the plagiarism in the paraphase.

3)      To mention the strategies to avoid plagiarism.

Definition :

  • Crimes committed in tertiary education institutions and it destroys the academic integrity among academicians
  • Using others’ ideas and words without clearly acknowledging the source of that information.
  • Conventionally seen as a serious breach of scholarly ethics, being a theft of credit for ideas in a competitive intellectual marketplace.

How to recognize the plagiarism in paraphase :

Here’s the original text, from page 1 of Lizzie Borden: A Case Book of Family and Crime in the 1890s by Joyce Williams et al.:

~The rise of industry, the growth of cities, and the expansion of the population were the three great developments of late nineteenth century American history. As new, larger, steam-powered factories became a feature of the American landscape in the East, they transformed farm hands into industrial laborers, and provided jobs for a rising tide of immigrants. With industry came urbanization the growth of large cities (like Fall River, Massachusetts, where the Bordens lived) which became the centers of production as well as of commerce and trade.~

Here’s a paraphrase that is plagiarism :

~The increase of industry, the growth of cities, and the explosion of the population were three large factors of nineteenth century America. As steam-driven companies became more visible in the eastern part of the country, they changed farm hands into factory workers and provided jobs for the large wave of immigrants. With industry came the growth of large cities like Fall River where the Bordens lived which turned into centers of commerce and trade as well as production.~

The preceding passage is considered plagiarism for two reasons :

  • the writer has only changed around a few words and phrases, or changed the order of the original’s sentences.
  • the writer has failed to cite a source for any of the ideas or facts.

Here’s the paraphase that is NOT plagiarism :

~Fall River, where the Borden family lived, was typical of northeastern industrial cities of the nineteenth century. Steam-powered production had shifted labor from agriculture to manufacturing, and as immigrants arrived in the US, they found work in these new factories. As a result, populations grew, and large urban areas arose. Fall River was one of these manufacturing and commercial centers (Williams 1).~

This is acceptable paraphrasing because the writer:

  • accurately relays the information in the original
    uses her own words.
  • lets her reader know the source of her information.

Strategies for Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Put in quotations everything that comes directly from the text especially when taking notes.
  • Paraphase, but be sure you are not just rearranging or replacing a few words.
  • Check your paraphase against the original text to be sure you have not accidentally used the same phrases or words, and that the information is accurate.
  • Need to know the author, the title, and the date it was published.
  • Give credit whenever you use

a)      another person’s idea, opinion, or theory;

b)      any facts, statistics, graphs, drawings—any pieces of information—that are not common knowledge;

c)      always make it clear where the information comes from th

d)     at’s a list of the sources you used for a project or report.


1              a) Author’s name : Rebecca Moore Howard, Amy E. Robillard

b) Date of published : 2008

c) Article’s topic : Plagiarism

d) Title of the book : Pluralizing plagiarism

e) Place of published : Boynton

f) Publisher’s name : Cook publishers

2              a) Author’s name : Ned Kock

b) Date of published : 1999

c) Article’s topic : A case of academic plagiarism

d) Title of the book : Defensive Information Warfare

e) Place of published : New York, NY, USA

f) Publisher’s name : ACM

3              a) Author’s name : Barry Gilmore

b) Date of published : 2008

c) Article’s topic : Why it happens- how to prevent it

d) Title of the book : Plagiarism

f) Publisher’s name : Heinemann


This task is quite difficult where I have to find the information related to the title that give it to me that is plagiarism.Before this I have never know or hear about this title of plagiarism.Since I have done with this article,now  I already have knowdege about it .What can I say about plagiarism it is about copy and paste another person work and it is always happen in daily life especially in student life.So,what can I conclude I have done doing this task even it is a little bit late and there is some trouble.


Minggu ini kami dibahagikan dalam kumpulan di mana satu kumpulan ada dua  atau tiga orang.Kami diberi tajuk masing-masing dan kumpulan saya mendapat tajuk ‘synthesizing information’.Kami diminta  mencari artikel atau jurnal mengenai tajuk melalui laman web perpustakaan Tun Sri Lanang,proquest.

Dari pembacaan kami,kami harus membuat artikel sendiri menggunakan kaedah-kaedah yang telah ditunjuk ajar oleh Cik Aidah Abdul Karim dan diminta dihantar sebelum pukul 5.15 petang menggunakan web siap kami diminta menghantarnya di email atas subject GE1155 Critical Review.

keratan projek minggu 4